My primary philosophical interests are in epistemology, ethics, meta-ethics, metaphysics, philosophy of language, and philosophy of religion.


  • “Two New Versions of Skeptical Theism” (forthcoming) Dougherty, T. and McBrayer, J (eds.) Skeptical Theism. Oxford University Press.
  • “Frege’s Puzzle,” (forthcoming) Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  • “On Whitcomb’s Grounding Argument for Atheism” (2013) with Daniel Howard-Snyder and Joshua Rasmussen.  Faith and Philosophy. 30:2, 198-204
  • “Seemings and Semantics” (2013) in Tucker, C. (ed.) Seemings and Justification. Oxford University Press.
  • “Epistemology: A Brief Historical Overview and Some Puzzles About Methodology,” (2012) The Continuum Companion to Epistemology. Continuum Press.
  • “Evidentialism,” (2012) The Continuum Companion to Epistemology. Continuum Press. with Richard Feldman
  • “Descriptivism, Scope, and Apparently Empty Names,”  (2011) Philosophical Studies. 156:2, 283-288 with Ben Caplan
  • “When Does Falsehood Preclude Knowledge,” (2011) Pacfic Philosophical Quarterly. 92: 283-304 with Neil Feit
  • “Critical Review of Learning from Words,” (2011) Analytic Philosophy.
  • A Defense of the No Minimum Response to the Problem of Evil” (2011) Religious Studies 47:1, 121-123
  • What Are Seemings?,” (2010) Ratio 23:3, 260-274
  • Two Solutions to the Problem of Divine Hiddenness,” (2010) American Philosophical Quarterly 47:2, 119-134
  • Moral Perception,” (2010) European Journal of Philosophy 18:2, 159-175
  • On the Nature of Testimony,” (2010) Episteme: Journal of Social Epistemology 7:2, 114-127
  • Three Millian Ways to Resolve Open Questions,” (2009) Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 3:1 pp. 1-17
  • Privileged Access, Externalism, and Ways of Believing,” (2007) Philosophical Studies 136:3 pp. 305-318
  • Omniscience as a Dispositional State,” (2006) Philosophia Christi 8:1 pp. 151-160


  • The Continuum Companion to Epistemology, editor, (2012) Continuum Press

Refereed Presentations

  • “Phenomenal Conservatism” Purdue Summer Seminar on Knowing in Religion and Morality”, June 2011
  • “A Defense of Phenomenal Conservatism,” Pacific APA, March 2006
  • “Privileged Access, Externalism, and Ways of Believing,” Pacific APA, March 2005
  • “Anti-Realism Meets Amoral Twin Earth,” Pacific APA, March 2004
  • “Basic Moral Beliefs,” Syracuse University Graduate Student Conference in Philosophy, April 2005
  • “Phenomenal Conservatism and The Rationality of Theism,” Society of Christian Philosophers Eastern Regional Meeting, December 2004
  • “Omniscience as a Dispositional State,” Western NY/PA Regional Meeting of the American Catholic Philosophical Association, April 2003
  • “A Generality Problem for Evidentialism,” Mid-South Philosophy Conference, February 2003
  • “Kenotic Christology and Disjunctive Properties,” Society of Christian Philosophers Eastern Regional Meeting, November 2002

Invited Presentations

  • “Phenomenal Conservatism and Religious Epistemology,” West Virginia University, October 2013
  • “Two New Versions of Skeptical Theism,” Pepperdine University, March 2012
  • “The Evidentialist Lessons of Fake Barn Country,” University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, March 2012
  • “Comments on ‘Slote’s Moral Phenomenology'” Pacific APA, 2012
  • “Descriptivism Meets Gettier,”  University of Buffalo, March 2011
  • “Descriptivism Meets Gettier,” University of Rochester, Keynote at Sixth Biennial Graduate Epistemology Conference, October 2010
  • “Descriptivism Meets Gettier,” Northwestern University, April 2009
  • “Epistemic Circularity,” West Virginia University Undergraduate Philosophy Conference Keynote, April 2008
  • “A Defense of Phenomenal Conservatism,” SUNY-Buffalo, May 2008
  • “Comments on ‘Fragile Events and the Causal Relation,’” Pacific APA 2008
  • “Comments on ‘Moral Realism and Ways of Life,’” Central APA 2008
  • “The Problem of Divine Hiddenness,” DePauw University, October 2007
  • “Three Millian Ways to Resolve an Open Question,” University of Manitoba, November 2006
  • “Three Millian Ways to Resolve an Open Question,” Western Washington University, January 2007
  • “Three Millian Ways to Resolve an Open Question,”SUNY-Fredonia, February 2007
  • “Three Millian Ways to Resolve an Open Question,”West Virginia University, February 2007
  • “A (Reluctant) Defense of the Singer Solution to World Poverty,” University of Manitoba, Ethics Centre, November 2006
  • “Philosophy of Education,” Faculty Development Program: Teaching Scholars Program, West Virginia University, September 2006
  • “Comments on ‘Favoring, Polarity, and Particularism,’” Central APA, March 2006
  • “Ethics in Research,” Faculty Development Program: Teaching Scholars Summer Institute, West Virginia University, June 2006
  • “Inference to the Best Explanation,” University of Rochester, College Writing Program, May 2005
  • “The Ethics of Abortion,” University of Rochester, PHL Council, November 2004
  • “Using Formal Arguments to Motivate Class Discussion,” University of Rochester, College Writing Program, October 2004
  • “Harmless Wrongdoing and Abortion,” SUNY-Geneseo, February 2004
  • “Plato and the Republic,” Guest Lecturer, SUNY-Geneseo, February 2003
  • “Comments on Daniel Cheung’s ‘Proper Functionalism, Reliabilism and Idiosyncratic Cognition,’” University of Rochester Graduate Epistemology Conference, November 2002